Softcover – 366 pages – Volkswagen Air-Cooled 1970 – 1981 Chilton Owners Service & Repair Manual Covers U.S. and Canadian models including: * Volkswagen Beetle * Volkswagen Karmann Ghia * Volkswagen Transporter * Volkswagen Vanagon * Volkswagen Fastback * Volkswagen Squareback * Volkswagen 411 * Volkswagen 412 Contents: * Introduction: About This Manual; Introduction; Vehicle Identification Numbers; Maintenance Techniques Tools And Working Facilities; Buying Parts; Jacking And Towing; Booster Battery (Jump) Starting; Conversion Factors; Automotive Chemicals And Lubricants; Safety First!; Troubleshooting * Tune-Up And Routine Maintenance * Engine And Overhaul Procedures * Cooling Heating And airconditioner maintenance Systems * Fuel And Exhaust click to go
Get Other VW Transporter Repair Manuals click here VW Volkswagen Transporter (water-cooled) Petrol 1982 – 1990 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers: Van Pickup and Minibus (Caravelle) with water-cooled motors. motors Covered: – 1.9 liter (1913cc) (DF DG EY GW) – 2.1 liter (2109cc) (DJ MV SS codes) four cylinder models. Contents: – Routine Maintenance – routine engine tuning – motor Repair – Cooling And Heating – airconditioner maintenance – Fuel And Exhaust – Emissions Control – Ignition Brakes – springs and shock absorbers And Rack and pinion – Electrical Systems – Wiring Diagrams NOTE: Only maintenance adjustment minor repair procedures plus removal and installation are described for the gearboxs. details
Volkswagen (VW) Vanagon 1980 – 1983 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers 1980-1983 Volkswagen (VW) Vanagon with 2.0 liter air-cooled flat-four motors. Note: this manual DOES NOT cover water-cooled or diesel motor models. Contents: * Introduction: Vehicle Identification Numbers. Buying Parts. Safety. Maintenance Techniques. Chemical And Lubricants And More. * Tune-Up And Routine Maintenance * General motor Overhaul Procedures * Cooling Heating And airconditioner maintenance Systems * Fuel And Exhaust Systems * motor Electrical Systems * Emissions Control Systems * gearbox * Driveline * Brakes * springs and shock absorbers And Rack and pinion Systems * Body * Chassis Electrical System * electrical schematics come here
Softback 2420 pages – – Volkswagen Eurovan: Official Factory Repair Manual 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Gasoline four-stroke diesel Tdi 5-piston and VR6 Including Multivan and CV. The two volumes of this Volkswagen Official Factory Repair Manual present the service and repair information for Volkswagen EuroVan EuroVan MultiVan (including Weekender) and EuroVan CV Camper (commonly known as Westfalia camper) models sold in the USA and Canada. motors and gearboxs covered. 2.8 Liter VR6 gasoline (motor code AES) 2.5 Liter 5-piston gasoline (motor code AAF ACU) 2.5 Liter TDI four-stroke diesel (motor code ACV) two point four Liter four-stroke diesel (motor code AAB) 02B and 02G 5-speed manual gearboxs 098 and 01P four geared automatic gearboxs. For the professional automotive technician this manual includes the specifications and procedures that were available in an authorized Volkswage more info
Don’t just keep your VW alive make it new! Complete details for rebuilding air-cooled engines in all chassis from ’61-’83: Beetle Ghia Bus Squareback 411/412 and Porsche 914. Includes comprehensive chapters on how to: * Troubleshoot engine and decide to rebuild. * Remove disassemble inspect and assemble engine. * Recondition cylinder heads and crankcase internals. Invaluable parts identification and interchange section tells what parts can be swapped where and specifies the best parts for durability or performance. Concise text and 500 photos drawings and charts lead you through each rebuilding step. Finish with an engine ready for thousands of miles of service! Models covered: * Beetle and Karmann Ghia (Type 1) * Bus and Transporter (Types 2 4) * Fastback Squareback Notchback (Type 3) * 411/412 and Porsche 914 Engines covered include 36 HP 40 HP 1300 1500 1600 1700 1800 and 2000. Contents: * Time to Rebuild? * Engine Remova more info
VW T4 Transporter Diesel 1990 – 2003 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers Transporter ‘T4’ variants with front-mounted diesel motors and front-wheel-drive. * Diesel motors Covered: one point nine liter (1896 cubic centimetre ) 4 piston and 2.4 liter (2370 cubic centimetre ) two point five liter (2461 cubic centimetre ) 5 piston * DOES NOT cover petrol motor models all-wheel-drive ‘Syncro’ models interior features specific to Westfalia Caravelle or Multivan or specialist bodywork/camper conversions. * DOES NOT cover Transporter ‘T5’ range introduced July 2003. Contents: * Safety First! * Roadside repairs * Weekly checks * Routine maintenance and servicing * 4 – piston motor in-vehicle repair procedures * 5 – piston motor in-vehicle repair procedures * motor removal and overhaul procedures * Cooling heating and ventilation systems * Fuel and exhaust systems * Emission control systems * Starting and charging systems * friction clutch * Manual transmission * Auto gearbox * Driveshafts * Braking system * Suspension and steering * Bodywork and fittings * Body wirings * el extra info
Hardback 918 pages – – Volkswagen Transporter Repair Manual 1963 – 1967 Indispensable to anyone interested in the history or restoration of the Transporter this book includes complete coverage of 1200 and 1500 motors dual-circuit braking system and body dimension specifications for all models-even those with sliding sunroof. All factory updates are listed by chassis number and date introduced. • Air-cooled Volkswagens (Type 2) covered: Volkswagen Type 2 Ambulance Volkswagen Type 2 Delivery Van Volkswagen Type 2 Kombi Volkswagen Type 2 Micro Bus Volkswagen Type 2 Micro Bus De Luxe Volkswagen Type 2 Pick-up Technical highlights: • 1200 and 1500 motors including 34 hp 42 hp and 44 hp all with fresh air heating. • motor bench testing procedures and specifications. • ZF and ATE steering gear removal rebuilding and installation. • Dual circuit braking system. • 6 and 12-volt electrical systems with listing of 6-volt components converted to 12-volts. • US and European ligh extra
Volkswagen VW Transporter T5 (four-stroke diesel) 2003 – 2014 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers VW Transporter ‘T5’ variants with four-stroke diesel engines and front-wheel-drive. Engines Covered: * four-stroke diesel: one point nine litre (1896 cubic centimetre ) * 2.0 litre (1968 cubic centimetre ) * 2.5 litre (2461 cubic centimetre ) DOES NOT cover petrol engined models twin turbo four-stroke diesel engine ‘DSG’ transmission all-wheel-drive ‘Syncro’ models or specialist vehicle body/camper conversions Contents: * Living with Your VW Transporter * Roadside Repairs * Weekly Checks * Lubricants Fluids * Tyre Pressures * Routine Maintenance Service * one point nine litre Engine In-Vehicle Repair Procedures * 2.0 Engine In-Vehicle Repair Procedures * 2.5 Engine In-Ve related info
Hardcover – 320 pages – The VW Transporter is one of the most iconic vehicles on the roads today. Introduced in 1967 and continuing in production until October 1979 the Bay was the successor to the legendary split-screen Transporter and is the second of five generations of van so far given the Transporter name by VW. Even the poorest examples of the Bay now fetch significant money and imports from drier climes continue to appear on British roads so the case for restoring one of these hugely popular vehicles is increasingly attractive. Using the trusted Haynes practical progressive approach this all-colour manual follows the restoration of a 1979 Devon camper from beginning to end and provides ex click here
Volkswagen Station Wagon / Bus (Type 2) 1968 – 1979 Service Manual covers Station Wagons Panel Trucks Pickup Trucks Kombis and Campmobiles for the model years 1968 through 1979. This manual was created specifically to cover models built for sale in the United States and Canada.Technical features:* Tune-up and oil change: specifications and procedures for all models up through the latest 1979 motor car* Troubleshooting replacing or repairing every component of the wiring – with complete wiring diagrams* Troubleshooting and repair of the EFI system used on 1975 and later models* Troubleshooting repairing and rebuilding the clutch manual transmission and automatic transmission* Rebuilding the carburetor – including dual carburetors* Rebuilding disc and drum braking system* Rebuilding the front axle and Rack related info
VW Volkswagen Commercial Type 2 Kombi series Repair Manual 1973 – 1981 Gregorys Get Other VW Car Repair Manuals click here Volkswagen VW Commercial Type 2 Series 1973 – 1981 Gregorys Owners Service Repair Manual covers the Type 2 Series Commercial Models. motors covered: 1700 cubic centimetre 1800 cubic centimetre 2000 cubic centimetre (four cylinder) (Includes carburettor and Jetronic fuel systems Manual and Automatic). Covers everything you need to know step by step procedures hundreds of photographs and illustrations scheduled upkeep electrical schematics repairs and overhauls and what tools to buy. Gregory’s manuals are based on an actual vehicle disassembly and are researched and written by automotive motorers with vast experience. lots more
Volkswagen Transporter T4 Petrol and four-stroke diesel 1990-1995 Owners Service and Repair Workshop Manual Get other VW repair manuals here Volkswagen VW Transporter T4 1990 to 1995 petrol and four-stroke diesel workshop manual. motors Covered: 2.0-liter 4-cylinder type AAC Digifant Electronic Fuel Injection petrol 2.5-liter 5-cylinder type AAF Digifant Electronic Fuel Injection petrol one point nine-liter 4-cylinder type 1X four-stroke diesel 2.4-liter 5-cylinder type AAB four-stroke diesel gearboxs covered: four geared manual 5-speed manual Covers: Manual Gearbox only. Short and Long Wheelbase. Van. Caravelle. Bus. 2.0 and 2.5-liter Petrol. one point nine and 2.4-liter four-stroke diesel. Four Cylinder Petrol motors. Five Cylinder Petrol motors. Fuel Injection System – Four Cylinder. Fuel Injection System – Five Cylinder. four-stroke diesel motors. four-stroke diesel Injection System. Contents: General Information. Four Cylinder Petrol motors. Five Cylinder Petrol motors. Ignition System. Lubrication System – Petrol motors. related info
NEW softcover 200 pages VW Volkswagen Transporter T4 Petrol Only 1996 – 1999 Workshop Manual Covers all T4 Petrol Models from Jan 1996 to 1999. Engines Covered: 1.8 liter 4 Cylinder Carburettor Engines 2.0 liter 4 Cylinder Digifant Fuel Injected Engines two point five liter 5 Cylinder Digifant Fuel Injected Engines Models Covered: Van 800 Van 1 000 and Van 1 200 Caravelle CL and GL Bus (long and short wheelbase) Note: Does Not Cover Four Wheel Drive Models Contents: Four Cylinder Petrol Engines friction clutch Transmission and Final Drive Drive Shafts Steering Front Suspension Rear Suspension and Rear Axle Wheels and Tyres braking system Electrical System Five Cylinder Petrol Engines Bodywork Fault Finding electrical schematics: Wiring Diagram – Battery X Contact Relief Valve II Wiring Diagram – Ignition / Starter Switch Immobiliser Wiring Diagram – Fresh Air Blower Fresh Air Blower Switch Glove Compartment Lamp Wiring Diagram – Da more…..
In late 1967, the 2nd generation associated with the Volkswagen kind 2 (T2) is introduced. It had been built-in Germany until 1979. In Mexico, the Volkswagen Kombi and Panel were created from 1970 to 1994. Models before 1971 in many cases are called the T2a (or “Early Bay”), while brands after 1972 are known as the T2b (or “Late Bay”).
Volkswagen Transporter Pickup (The Netherlands)
1973–1980 Volkswagen Kombi (T2) van (Australia)
This second-generation Type 2 lost their distinctive split front windshield, and was slightly bigger and considerably more substantial than their forerunner. Its typical nicknames were Breadloaf and Bay-window, or Loaf and Bay for brief. At 1.6 L and 35 kW (48 PS; 47 bhp) DIN, the motor was also a little larger. Battery pack and electrical program had been upgraded to 12 volts, which makes it incompatible with electric add-ons from the previous generation. The brand new model furthermore did away using the move axle rear suspension system and transfer boxes previously used to boost trip height. Alternatively, half-shaft axles installed with continual velocity joints lifted trip level without having the crazy changes in camber regarding the Beetle-based swing axle suspension system. The up-to-date coach transaxle is generally popular by off road racers making use of air-cooled Volkswagen components.
The T2b is launched by means of steady change-over 3 years. 1st brands featured curved bumpers incorporating one step to be used once the door was open (replaced by indented bumpers without measures on subsequent versions), front doorways that opened to 90 from the body, no lip regarding the front protections, unique engine hatches, and crescent atmosphere intakes into the D-pillars (later systems following the Type 4 system alternative had been offered, have squared off intakes). The 1971 means 2 showcased a unique, 1.6 L engine with twin consumption ports for each cylinder mind and ended up being DIN-rated at 37 kW (50 PS; 50 bhp). An essential changes was included with the development of front side disk brakes and newer roadwheels with braking system ventilation holes and flatter hubcaps. Up until 1972, forward signs is set lower from the nose as opposed to on top of either region of the oxygen grille — offering rise with their becoming nicknamed “Low Lights”. 1972’s more prominent change was a bigger motor area to match the more expensive 1.7- to 2.0-litre motors through the Volkswagen means 4, and a redesigned rear end which eliminated the detachable rear apron and launched the larger late tail lights. The air inlets had been also increased to support the increased air conditioning environment requirements of bigger engines.
In 1971 the 1600cc kind 1 engine as used in the Beetle, is supplemented using the 1700cc Type 4 engine — whilst is initially created for the nature 4 (411 and 412) models. European vans held the option of upright lover kind 1 1600 system although 1700 Type 4 became standard for all of us spec versions.
Pre-facelift (kept) and facelifted (right) Volkswagen Kombi (T2) vans (Australian Continent)
When you look at the kind 2, the nature 4 motor was an option the 1972 design season forward. This motor is standard in products destined for the US and Canada. Just with the Type 4 motor performed a computerized transmission be available for the first time in the 1973 design year. Both engines displaced 1.7 L, DIN-rated at 49 kW (67 PS; 66 bhp) aided by the handbook transmission and 46 kW (63 PS; 62 bhp) aided by the automated. The sort 4 engine ended up being enlarged to 1.8 L and 50 kW (68 PS; 67 bhp) DIN the 1974 model 12 months and once more to 2.0 L and 52 kW (71 PS; 70 bhp) DIN for 1976 design year. The two-litre choice appeared in Southern African made models during 1976, initially best in a comparably well-equipped “professional” design. The 1978 2.0 L now featured hydraulic valve lifters, getting rid of the requirement to occasionally adjust the device clearances as on earlier in the day systems. The 1975 and later U.S. model years got Bosch L-Jetronic electric gas injection as standard equipment; 1978 had been initial season for electric ignition, making use of a hall influence sensor and electronic operator, getting rid of maintenance-requiring contact-breaker points. As with every Transporter engines, the main focus in developing wasn’t on energy, but on low-end torque. The Type 4 motors are considerably more robust and durable compared to kind 1 machines, especially in Transporter solution.
In 1972, when it comes to 1973 model season, external revisions included relocated forward turn indicators, squared off and ready greater in valance, over the headlights. In addition, square-profiled bumpers, which became standard through to the end of this T2 in 1979, had been introduced in 1973. Crash protection improved with this particular modification due to a compressible structure behind the leading bumper. This required that the T2b was effective at satisfying US protection guidelines for traveler vehicles of the time, though not required of vans. The “VW” emblem from the front side valance became somewhat smaller.
Later on model changes were mostly technical. By 1974, the T2 had attained their best shape. Very late inside T2’s design lives, throughout the belated 1970s, the first prototypes of means 2 vans with four-wheel drive (4WD) had been built and tested.
The Volkswagen kind 2 (T3) had been the 3rd generation of the Volkswagen Transporter and had been marketed under various nameplates worldwide — including while the Transporter or Caravelle in Europe, Microbus in South Africa, and as the Vanagon in North and south usa.
Larger and heavier than its forerunner, the T2, — in accordance with an even more squared and less curved styling — the T3 is manufactured in Germany from 1979 until 1990. Creation of the 2WD (mainly for official usage, like postal services or German military) proceeded until 1992 at Puch in Graz/Austria, in which all 4WDs was in fact built. South African creation of the T3 proceeded, for the markets only, until 2002. The T3 ended up being the last generation of rear-engined Volkswagens.
Following the Type 2 T2, the kind 2 T3 at first featured air-cooled and consequently water-cooled machines. Versions manufactured in Southern Africa from 1990 until 2002 showcased an Audi five-cylinder engine.
Volkswagen sold the Westfalia camper variant for the T3 manufacturing, with qualities like an appear roof, ice box, sink, and kitchen stove.
Instances built between 1979 and 1985 featured round headlights and chrome-plated metallic bumpers with synthetic end-caps. Air-cooled versions (1979 to mid-1983) lack the reduced barbeque grill over the radiator for the water-cooled models, except on products with factory air-conditioning. 1986 model 12 months vehicles received revisions like a tachometer, even more material alternatives, redesigned ac unit, larger water-cooled system with an even more advanced system administration program, and redesigned transmissions including an optional Syncro four-wheel drive. Exterior modifications incorporate rectangular headlights (on selected systems) and differing paint options. Alloy rims, larger and squarer plastic bumpers with trim across the rocker panels had been recommended, and standard equipment on Hannover Edition vans. For 1990 and 1991 model years, a “Carat” trim degree was available including all available choices (except Westfalia conversion and 4WD).
All 1979, 1980 plus some 1981 versions have eight welded-in steel slats within the motor air flow passages behind a corner microsoft windows. Later on designs have black vinyl 16-slat covers that slotted in at the very top and screwed down in the bottom.
Throughout the 1980s, the U.S. Army and atmosphere Force in Germany utilized T3’s as administrative (non-tactical) vehicles. In military make use of the automobile’s nomenclature is “Light Truck, Commercial”.
Porsche has generated a variation called B32 in a small edition. The van, on the basis of the luxurious Carat model, ended up being equipped with the 231 PS (170 kW) 3.2 liter Carrera engine and had been originally developed to guide Porsche’s testing activities in Algeria. Ten of the had been built, with some marketed by Porsche to unique consumers. Porsche themselves additionally made use of the Porsche-engined bus to transport team rapidly. Top rate is around 135 miles per hour (217 km/h), although Porsche just reported 116 mph (187 km/h) to ensure that the data might be replicated with nine visitors in the car along with the air-conditioning on full.
Oettinger is rolling out a six-cylinder version known as WBX6. The system hails from the “Wasserboxer” engine and has many typical components along with it. The development of the motor is initially developed to Oettinger by VW. Oettinger purchased the liberties when VW didn’t utilize it.
Because of the internal-combustion engine and transaxle attached low into the back, the T3 had much bigger disk brakes right in front, and drums in rear. Axle pounds is very almost equal upon the front side and straight back ends of the car. Unlike the T2 before they, the T3 had been readily available with facilities such as for example power steering, ac, energy door hair, electrically monitored and heated mirrors, lighted vanity mirrors, and a light over the glove field (nearly all of that have been really standard gear in subsequent versions).
The automated ended up being a standard hydraulic three-speed device, exactly the same 090/010 device as utilized in Audis associated with era. These featured a cast aluminum alloy circumstances when it comes to transmission area, and a cast iron instance the best drive part.
The 091 manual transmission was a four-speed device, featuring a lightweight aluminium alloy case; from 1983 a 5-speed transmission was readily available as a choice on certain brands; a 5-speed had been fitted as standard on Syncro four-wheel drive designs.
The automated functions a 1.0 proportion top equipment, although the handbook features a 0.85 top gear.
The oil filler tube when it comes to motor is situated behind the flip-down license dish door, as it is the oil dipstick while the power steering liquid reservoir (whenever fitted). Most vans had a twist-on/off gas limit directly on the outside just below and behind the traveler side-door. A locking cap is optional. The spare tyre lies in a tray underneath the really front side of this van (due to the fact engine is within the straight back), just beneath the radiator.
Due to the engine placement, a T3 have almost equal 50/50 weight distribution fore-and-aft. The early air-cooled engines were notably high priced to produce and had some reliability trouble. Volkswagen initially meant to exchange all of them with the tennis’s inline-four motor but the cost of re manufacturing both vehicles and system made them choose upgrading the flat-four rather. An overhead-cam design ended up being mooted but refused as readiness to rev is considered to be of less relevance than low-end freedom and low cost. The brand new 1.9 “Wasserboxer” (for water-cooled boxer) was also originally considered for use in some more Volkswagens like the Gol, which however relied on the old air-cooled flat-four at that time.
The U.S version 1.9 liter 1984 in addition to later 1985 or over water-cooled gas machines experienced significant and repeated problems with cylinder mind area erosion and coolant leakages. 2.1lr motors suffered exactly the same, mainly as a result of lacking the antifreeze altered often adequate.
There have been four general petrol system variations between 1979 and 1991, with a few sub-models. All had been overhead-valve push-rod horizontally opposed four-cylinder motors. Offered system options differed between regions. Aftermarket VW specialist Oettinger additionally provided the WBX6, a six-cylinder variation.
1.6 L (1,584 cc) (50 bhp/37 kW) (Serial # CT) air-cooled, solitary Solex 34 PICT-4 carburettor (unavailable in america)
2.0 L (1,970 cc) (70 bhp/51 kW) (Serial # CU or CV) air-cooled, twin Solex 34 PDSIT-2/3 carburettor or gasoline injected (Bosch L-Jetronic) flat-four into the 1980 to 1983 designs
Water-cooled (1983 onwards)
1.9 litre motors:
1.9 L (1,913 cc) (83 bhp) (Serial # DH) water-cooled (or “Wasserboxer”) motor useful for the 1983 to 1985 products, which used a gasoline shot program referred to as “Digijet” (Digital Jet-tronic)
1.9 L (1,913 cc) (59 bhp) (Serial # DF) 8.6:1 compression proportion, 34-PICT carburetor
1.9 L (1,913 cc) (76 bhp) (Serial # DG) 8.6:1 compression ratio, 2E3 or 2E4 carburetor
1.9 L (1,913 cc) (55 bhp) (Serial # EY) 7.5:1 compression proportion, 34-PICT carburetor
1.9 L (1,913 cc) (89 bhp) (Serial # GW) 8.6:1 compression ratio, Bosch Digijet electric fuel injections
2.1 Litre machines:
2.1 L (2,109 cc) (95 bhp) (Serial # MV) Wasserboxer, made use of before the end of Vanagon importation to the US in 1991. This engine utilized a more advanced system control system generally Bosch “Digifant” which now digitally managed ignition time in addition to gas delivery.
2.1 L (2,109 cc) (90 bhp) (Serial # SS) 9:1 compression ratio Wasserboxer
2.1 L (2,109 cc) (112 bhp)(torque 128) (Serial # DJ) 10.3:1 compression proportion, Digijet injections, best marketed in European countries maybe not needing catalytic converter.
The Wasserboxer featured an aluminum case, cylinder minds, and pistons, and a forged metal crankshaft. The Wasserboxer, as with every VW boxer machines has a gear-driven camshaft. In addition showcased Heron, or “bowl-in-piston” type combustion chambers in which the combustion takes place in the piston bowl room, and not soleley inside cylinder mind because will be the situation with flat top pistons..
The change to water-cooled boxer machines is made mid-year in 1983. T2 transporters or ‘bay screen’ vans, produced in Brazil until 2013, had been turned to in-line 4-cylinder water-cooled motors and a front-mounted radiator in 2005.
Oettinger WBX6 (aftermarket)
3.2 L (3,164 cc) (165 bhp) VW-Oettinger Wasserboxer, gas inserted.
3.7 L (3,664 cc) (180 bhp) VW-Oettinger Wasserboxer, fuel injected.
The six-cylinder motor as used in the VW Oettinger WBX6 originated by VW along with Oettinger for usage in T3. When VW abandoned the venture, Oettinger took the look, refined it and put it available. As such the six-cylinder shares most parts utilizing the four-cylinder Wasserboxer.
Contrary to the typical flat-four gasoline engines, all diesel engine choices had been of an L4 inline configuration.
1.6 L (1,588 cc) (37 kW / 50 PS / 49 bhp) (Serial # CS) Naturally aspirated Diesel I4, for sale in the usa on 1982/3 models only.
1.6 L (1,588 cc) (51 kW / 70 PS / 69 bhp) (Serial # JX) Turbocharged I4.
1.7 L (1,715 cc) (42 kW / 57 PS / 56 bhp) (Serial # KY) organic aspirated I4.
United States model variations
1988 California-spec VW Vanagon Wolfsburg Edition
US Vanagon model variants included the Vanagon, featuring plastic chairs and a spartan indoor; the Vanagon L with recommended fabric seats, considerably upscale internal panels, and a recommended dashboard blower; the Vanagon GL with additional gear, and also the Westfalia pop-top camper Vanagons, which emerged in two versions. A Camper version with incorporated kitchen area, filled with refrigerator (which ran on Propane, 110V or 12V), a-two burner kitchen stove, and metal sink with onboard water-supply. A fold down rear bench seat transformed into a bed in addition to pop-top included a fold out sleep; these systems could sleeping four grownups. A ‘Weekender ‘ variation which lacked the fridge, propane kitchen stove, and sink associated with the full ‘camper’ versions supplied an optional detachable cupboard with a 12 volt cooler and self-contained sink. In 1984, the Wolfsburg version was configured with a rear workbench seat as well as 2 forward-facing center seats. Beneath the bench chair, which collapsed down seriously to create full size bed, is a storage area and a rear heater.
Wolfsburg version “Weekender” brands featured two rear-facing chairs behind leading seats rather than a centre workbench chair and a table that may fold up from the sidewall — or fold straight down when not in use. “Multivan” brands featured Wolfsburg version trim and an interior with rear-facing chairs. Wolfsburg version and camper van vehicles had been outfitted for Volkswagen by the Westfalia factory.
Syncro brands are manufactured in minimal data from 1985 through 1992, because of the four-wheel drive program included by Steyr-Daimler-Puch work in Graz, Austria, with a brief wheelbase and 48/52 front/rear pounds distribution.
Design many years 1980 to 1985 have circular sealed-beam headlights. Subsequent versions for North American and European areas have circular sealed-beam headlights or small square headlights, utilizing the primary lighting outboard and higher beams inboard. Later systems from Southern Africa returned to round headlight housings for the main headlights and high-beams.
The T3 is replaced by the T4 (Eurovan) in america marketplace in 1993 (1992 saw no Volkswagen coach brought in to the U.S. marketplace, save customized campers marketed by businesses except that VW). Top-of-the-line Wolfsburg version Westfalia Campers, which have all options, had been near the top of the purchase price number. Besides the camper brands, a Carat trim amount is available for 1990 and 1991 design years. This model included all solutions for Transporter setup. Some products had recommended aluminum alloy rims.
South African brands
Creation of the T3 continued in South Africa until Summer 2002, whenever, due to the economies of scale, Volkswagen SA had been obliged to discontinue production after components supply began to be a problem. The South African T3s article 1991 had a face-lift including customized front door piece steel, larger side house windows behind the B pillars and differing backside grilles when you look at the D pillars. The bodyshell are a genuine RHD design lacking the unused door track cover on the offside and LHD wiper supply mount things as available on early in the day brands (of initially created as an adaptation of a LHD Twin-sliding door bodyshell). On systems with 5-cylinder motors the boot flooring grew up to support the taller engine and has tiny storing places either region of the motor hatch. Inner adjustment consist of a totally padded dashboard featuring a smaller glove package and up-to-date vacuum-powered air flow settings run by round knobs in the place of slide levers, the fuse box has also been relocated off to the right give side of the steering column. At the front of car twin-headlamps in both round and rectangular designs are fitted with a complete width lower grille including the indicator lenses, which were altered from amber to smoked lenses from 1999 onwards, this grille and headlight blend wasn’t found any place else in the world. These later on South African T3s became called Big screen T3s for their larger part windows.
The 2.1 Wasserboxer machines were changed with five-cylinder Audi motors into the “Microbus” and “Caravelle”, while a VW 1.8 inline-four cylinder engine was found in the “Kombi” and “Van” versions. The 5-cylinder T3’s arrived on the scene initially with a 2.5 litre gasoline injected engine in 1991, but this was replaced in 1995 with a 2.6 litre with a greater fuel shot system, 5-speed transmission and two types of 15″ alloy rims as traditional (Rhein or Starburst) and larger ventilated front disc brake system. A somewhat reduced spec 2.3 five cylinder fuel-injected model is introduced along with the 2.6 but ended up being built with a 4-speed transmission and altered wrap-around metal bumpers. Nearby the end of production, a top for the number Caravelle 2.6i known as the “Exclusiv” incorporated two rear-facing chairs in the place of the center workbench seat, a fridge and a folding table in the rear of the automobile and Carat 2 alloy tires. A Microbus 2.6i with similar qualities, but with Rhein alloy wheels is known as the “Activ”. The last T3 from the production range in Uitenhage on Friday June 16, 2002 ended up being a gold-coloured Microbus 2.6i which Volkswagen SA retained due to their AutoPavilion, host to automobiles and Legends, which very first started their doors in 2004. The car ended up being later written down in a transporter roll-over accident in November 2006, after going back from a display in Cape city.
Five-cylinder Audi Engines made use of
2.3i (AFU) 90 kW
2.5i (AAY) 100 kW
2.6i (ADV) 100 kW
Approximately 45 WBX6 motors are brought in to South Africa.
Eighty-nine gigantic screen T3’s arrived inside Syncro Edition from 1991 to 1992.
The Volkswagen kind 2 (T3) had been the third generation associated with Volkswagen Transporter and is advertised under various nameplates global — like as the Transporter or Caravelle in Europe, Microbus in South Africa, so that as the Vanagon in North and south usa.
Larger and weightier than its predecessor, the T2, — and with an even more squared and less curved styling — the T3 is stated in Germany from 1979 until 1990. Production of the 2WD (mainly for official usage, like postal solution or German army) continued until 1992 at Puch in Graz/Austria, where all 4WDs had been built. South African production of the T3 continued, for the markets just, until 2002. The T3 ended up being the final generation of rear-engined Volkswagens.
Introduced in 1990, the T4 was the very first Volkswagen van to have a front-mounted, water-cooled engine. Caused by the success of similar moves along with their traveler automobiles, Volkswagen have toyed inside belated 1970s because of the notion of changing their air-cooled, rear-engined T2 vans with a front-engined, water-cooled design. The reason why for determining in 1980 to rather establish a unique rear-engined T3 become ambiguous. Thus, the development of a front-engined design is delayed before arrival of T4. After a run of nearly 14 ages, T4 production stopped in 2003, rendering it second and then the T1 for amount of production in its home market.
Part of the success of the T4 had been its flexibility. It was available in many forms and sizes as standard and formed the foundation of many specialist cars, from buses to campervans to ambulances.
Two standard wheelbases were available; “brief” (2920mm) and “long” (3320mm).
Panel Van – without having any windows behind the b-pillar; single-row of seating
Kombi or Half-Panel – with extra house windows between the b and c-pillars; 2 rows of seating
Caravelle or Multivan – with microsoft windows all-round; 3 rows of seating (Known as the Eurovan in US)
Single taxi – considering a SWB chassis
Dual taxi – centered on a LWB chassis (aka Doka, through the German: Doppelkabine)
Panel vans had been offered with two different roof levels; standard (1940mm) and high-top (2430mm). High-tops had been only produced from the LWB framework, although campervan sales frequently have pop-top or (usually fibreglass) high-tops included with both SWB and LWB framework.
Vans posses often a single, roof-hinged “tailgate” or two “barn” doorways in the back and often a single (traveler side) or twin (both sides) sliding doorways.
Extended and short-nose
There was clearly one significant renovation into the T4, in 1996, whenever a re-shaped, much longer front end ended up being introduced. It was had a need to compliment the six-cylinder VR6 engine into the T4’s motor bay. At first, just Caravelles and Multivans are offered aided by the longer nose, because these are the only real designs offered aided by the VR6 motor.
The commercial variations continued to be produced because of the reduced nostrils until 1999. However, campers along with other professional vehicles produced between 1994 and 1999 could have either the quick or even the longer nose, according to which design had been utilized as base car. Consistent with the kind 2’s naming meeting, the brief and long-nose models may informally known as T4a and T4b, respectively.
Four Wheel Drive (Syncro)
The T4 has also been readily available with a permanent 4WD program that utilizes a Viscous coupling device as a centre differential to manage the distribution of torque to your rear axle. These models are known as “syncro” and had been offered using the 2.4D, 2.5Tdi and 2.5 petrol engines on all system sort and both wheelbases. Some syncro systems also have a mechanically securing back differential. Since the back differential precludes the keeping the extra wheel when you look at the usual place underneath the system, syncro vans either store it inside human anatomy or on an external, hinged bracket.
The T4 is a really preferred base for creating a small to medium-sized camper and day-vans, both as self-build jobs as well as for professional conversion rates. Volkswagen themselves also marketed campervan variations of this T4, produced by and named after their specialist, Westfalia-Werke.
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